Earlier forms of racial discrimination were already present even before the South African National Party adopted apartheid as a matter of national policy.
Under apartheid, the population was divided into four groups: black, white, Indian, and coloured.
Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal. Therefore, we hold that the plaintiffs and others similarly situated for whom the actions have been brought are, by reason of the segregation complained of, deprived of the equal protection of the laws guaranteed by the Fourteenth Amendment." Congress passes the Civil Rights Act, establishing a federal policy that prohibits racially segregated public accommodations and imposes penalties for racial discrimination in the workplace.The first of these regulations prohibited the marriage of whites to people other than their own race.Another anti-interracial law forbade a white and any black, Indian, or coloured individuals from committing “racial intercourse and immoral and indecent acts.” Skin color determined where a person could go or where he could live.Although the law has remained in effect for nearly a half-century, it remains highly controversial to this day.Congress passes the Civil Rights Act of 1968, which includes the Fair Housing Act prohibiting racially-motivated housing segregation.